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Pruritus pp 407-414 | Cite as

NK-1 Antagonists

  • Sonja StänderEmail author
Chapter

Abstract

The skin contains a vital mediator of pro-inflammatory mechanisms called substance P (SP). SP targets various cells associated with the cutaneous induction of pruritus, for example, keratinocytes, mast cells and fibroblasts. Due to this unique characteristic, it is a potentially valuable subject for novel therapies. A substantial antipruritic effect of SP antagonists on both chronic and acute pruritus has been noted in recent clinical case series and case reports. This could be a milestone in treating different forms of pruritus, including drug-induced pruritus, paraneoplastic pruritus, prurigo nodularis, cutaneous T-cell lymphoma and atopic dermatitis.

Keywords

Antagonist Neurokinin-1 receptor Neuropeptides Pruritus Prurigo nodularis Substance P Aprepitant Antipruritic therapy 

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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag London 2016

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Center for Chronic Pruritus (KCP), Department of DermatologyUniversity Hospital MünsterMünsterGermany

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