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Pruritus pp 393-395 | Cite as

Antidepressants

  • Elke WeisshaarEmail author
Chapter

Abstract

In the 1990s, it was the first time that antidepressants were observed to relief itch. This includes mirtazapine, a norepinephrine reuptake inhibitor, tricyclic antidepressants and especially serotonin reuptake inhibitors (SSRIs) like paroxetine, fluoxetine and sertraline. They can be applied in somatoform itch, paraneoplastic itch, itch in cholestasis, itch of mixed and unknown origin. Mirtazapine is especially useful in night-time itch and can also be recommended in chronic itch in atopic dermatitis. Side-effect include nausea, weight gain, sleepiness as well as sleeplessness and agitation, sexual dysfunction, the latter mostly described in SSRIs. Patients report an improvement of their mood even though they were not previously thought to be depressed. The mechanisms of the antipruritic effects are still not understood.

Keywords

Antidepressant Itch Mirtazapine Paroxetine Pruritus Serotonin reuptake inhibitors Sertraline 

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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag London 2016

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department Clinical Social Medicine, Occupational and Environmental DermatologyUniversity Hospital, Ruprecht Karls University HeidelbergHeidelbergGermany

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