Pruritus pp 267-270 | Cite as

Endocrine Diseases

  • Andreas E. KremerEmail author
  • Elke Weisshaar


Chronic pruritus accompanies a broad range of systemic disorders among which are hematologic and lymphoproliferative disorders, metabolic and endocrine diseases, solid tumours, and infectious diseases. Among endocrine disorders chronic pruritus is commonly observed in patients suffering from diabetes mellitus, thyroid and parathyroid disorders, anorexia nervosa, celiac disease, carcinoid syndrome, and multiple endocrine neoplasia type 2. The molecular mechanisms involved in pruritus in these diseases remain largely enigmatic. Treatment options are limited as so far no clinical studies have been performed addressing itching in endocrine disorders.


Diabetes mellitus Carcinoid Celiac disease Endocrine disorders Graves disease Itch Parathyroid Pruritus Thyroid 



Multiple endocrine neoplasia type 2A


Parathyroid hormone


Tumour necrosis factor


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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag London 2016

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of Medicine 1, Gastroenterology, Hepatology, Pneumology and EndocrinologyFriedrich-Alexander-University of ErlangenErlangenGermany
  2. 2.Department of Medicine 1Friedrich-Alexander-University of ErlangenErlangenGermany
  3. 3.Department of Clinical Social Medicine, Occupational and Environmental DermatologyUniversity Hospital, Ruprecht Karls-Universität HeidelbergHeidelbergGermany

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