Advertisement

An Environmental Burden Shifting Approach to Re-evaluate the Environmental Impacts of Products

  • Xi YuEmail author
  • Antoine Nongaillard
  • Aicha Sekhari
  • Abdelaziz Bouras
Conference paper
Part of the IFIP Advances in Information and Communication Technology book series (IFIPAICT, volume 467)

Abstract

Life cycle assessment (LCA) can help enterprises evaluate their product’s environmental impacts through the entire product life cycle (PLC). On the basis of the evaluation result, phases which need to take activities to reduce the environmental impacts can be found out. However, the activities taken in a phase may influence the environmental impacts in other phases, so the effect of the activities should be re-evaluated. Under the pressure from the market, enterprises need to assess the effect of these activities quickly. Nevertheless, re-evaluate by using conventional LCA is a time-consuming work. This paper proposes a novel approach to re-evaluate the environmental impacts of product based on LCA and Pareto rule which can reduce the time of assessment. A printed circuit board (PCB) case study is conducted using this approach. The outcome shows that the new approach can re-evaluate the environmental impacts more efficiently without influence the validity.

Keywords

Product Life Cycle Printed Circuit Board Life Cycle Assessment Life Cycle Impact Assessment Material Flow Analysis Life cycle inventory Pareto rule 

Notes

Acknowledgements

This project has been funded with support from the European Commission Project (EMA2-2010-2359) and Hubert Curien Partnership with Cai Yuanpei China program 2012-2014. This publication reflects the views only of the author, and the Commission cannot be held responsible for any use which may be made of the information contained therein.

References

  1. Bringezu, S., Moriguchi, Y.: Material flow analysis. In: Ayres, R.U., Ayres, L.W. (eds.) A handbook of Industrial Ecology, pp. 79–90 (2002)Google Scholar
  2. Hertwich, E.G., Hammitt, J.K.: A decision-analytic framework for impact assessment part I: LCA and decision analysis. The Int. J. Life Cycle Assess. 6(1), 5–12 (2001)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. Eilam, E.: Reversing: Secrets of Reverse Engineering. John Wiley & Sons, New York (2011)Google Scholar
  4. EPA. 1995. missions Factors & AP 42, Compilation of Air Pollutant Emission Factors. U.S. Environmental protection agency. Accessed on 28 Feb. 2014. http://www.epa.gov/ttn/chief/ap42/index.html
  5. Gertsakis, J., Ryan, C., Lewis, H.: A guide to EcoReDesign: improving the environmental performance of manufactured products Centre for Design. Royal Melbourne Institute of Technology, Melbourne (1997)Google Scholar
  6. Graedel, T.E., Allenby, B.R., Telephone, A., Company, T.: Design for Environment. Prentice Hall, Upper Saddle River (1996)Google Scholar
  7. Halog, A., Manik, Y.: Advancing integrated systems modelling framework for life cycle sustainability assessment. Sustain. 3(2), 469–499 (2011)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. Hendriks, C., Obernosterer, R., Müller, D., Kytzia, S., Baccini, P., Brunner, P.H.: Material flow analysis: A tool to support environmental policy decision making. Case-studies on the city of Vienna and the Swiss lowlands. Local Environ. 5(3), 311–328 (2000)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  9. Hochschorner, E., Finnveden, G.: Evaluation of two simplified life cycle assessment methods. Int. J. Life Cycle Assess. 8(3), 119–128 (2003)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  10. International, P. LCA data bases. GaBi Software (2011). Accessed on 14 Feb 2014. http://www.gabi-software.com
  11. ISO14040 Environmental management—life cycle assessment—principles and framework. Environmental Management 3 (2006)Google Scholar
  12. Kanth, R.K., Liljeberg, P., Tenhunen, H., Wan, Q., Zheng, L : Insight into quantitative environmental emission analysis of printed circuit board. In: 2011 10th International Conference on Environment and Electrical Engineering (EEEIC). IEEE (2011)Google Scholar
  13. Knight, P., Jenkins, J.O.: Adopting and applying eco-design techniques: a practitioners perspective. J. Clean. Prod. 17(5), 549–558 (2009)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  14. Loijos, A.: Making Primary Data Collection In LCA Faster And More Accurate. LinkCycle (2013). Accessed on 13 Feb 2014. http://www.linkcycle.com/making-primary-data-collection-in-lca-faster-and-more-accurate/
  15. Luttropp, C., Lagerstedt, J.: EcoDesign and the ten golden rules: generic advice for merging environmental aspects into product development. J. Clean. Prod. 14(15), 1396–1408 (2006)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  16. Matsuyama, Y., Fukushige, S., Umeda, Y.: Proposal of a support method for identifying design requirements on life cycle planning. Int. J. CAD/CAM 13(2), 73–79 (2013)Google Scholar
  17. Rebitzer, G., Ekvall, T., Frischknecht, R., Hunkeler, D., Norris, G., Rydberg, T., Schmidt, W.-P., Suh, S., Weidema, B., Pennington, D.: Life cycle assessment: Part 1: Framework, goal and scope definition, inventory analysis, and applications. Environ. Int. 30(5), 701–720 (2004)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  18. Suesada, R., Itamochi, Y., Kondoh, S., Fukushige, S., Umeda, Y.: Development of description support system for life cycle scenario. In: Takata, S., Umeda, Y. (eds.) Advances in Life Cycle Engineering for Sustainable Manufacturing Businesses, pp. 29–34 (2007)Google Scholar
  19. Suyang, G., Liu, J.: Life Cycle Assessment on Autoliv’s Electronic Control Unit. Chalmers University of Technology, Göteborg (2010)Google Scholar
  20. Wimmer, W., Züst, R., Lee, K.-M.: Ecodesign Implementation: A Systematic Guidance on Integrating Environmental Considerations in to Product Development. Springer, Heidelberg (2004)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  21. Yang, Y., Bae, J., Kim, J., Suh, S.: Replacing gasoline with corn ethanol results in significant environmental problem-shifting. Environ. Sci. Technol. 46(7), 3671–3678 (2012)CrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© IFIP International Federation for Information Processing 2016

Authors and Affiliations

  • Xi Yu
    • 1
    • 2
    Email author
  • Antoine Nongaillard
    • 3
  • Aicha Sekhari
    • 2
  • Abdelaziz Bouras
    • 4
  1. 1.School of Computer ScienceChengdu UniversityChengduChina
  2. 2.DISP LaboratoryUniversity Lyon 2 LumièreLyonFrance
  3. 3.Départment InformatiqueUniversité de Lille 1, IUT’AVilleneuve-d’AscqFrance
  4. 4.Computer Science DepartmentQatar UniversityDohaQatar

Personalised recommendations