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Cyber Security Challenges: The Israeli Water Sector Example

Part of the Protecting Critical Infrastructure book series (PCIN,volume 3)


Critical infrastructure protection spans an increasing number of publicly and privately owned nondefense entities. As cyberspace continued to expand, securing society requires a comprehensive approach to include business sector cooperation with all levels of government. More attention must be devoted to activities and facilities not only on the national but also on the municipal level. This will require nontraditional governance approaches to complement the usual top–down national regulation. We discuss recent cyber security policy developments in Israel, and move on to discuss future cyber security challenges using water supply as an example. Hopefully the approaches discussed in this paper will provide useful information for other developed countries.


  • Municipal Level
  • Critical Infrastructure
  • Million Cubic Meter
  • Israeli Defense Force
  • Industrial Control System

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  • DOI: 10.1007/978-3-319-32824-9_10
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Fig. 10.1


  1. 1.

    Israelis were targeted by terrorists on the streets, cafes, and buses in a cycle of violence that claimed the lives of 319 Israeli soldiers and 745 civilians, and left 2430 soldiers and 5032 civilians wounded.

  2. 2.

    The Stephen and Nancy Grand Water Research Institute at the Technion and its founder Prof. Uri Shamir are the focal point of water related research and policy in Israel.

  3. 3.

    ILITA consists of three regulators: the database register, responsible for oversight and enforcement of data protection guidelines; the electronic signature register, and credit score service providers register.

  4. 4.





Bring your own device


Critical infrastructure protection


Commercial off-the-shelf


(Maf’at מפא”ת) Ministry of Defense Directorate for Research & Development


Department of Defense


Industrial control system

IDF (Tzahal צה”ל):

Israel Defence Forces


Information and Technology Authority


Israel National Cyber Bureau

ISA (Shabak שב”כ):

Israel Security Agency


Information technology

Kinneret :

Lake of Galilee


The Ministry Of Defense Directorate For Defense Research And Development


National Water Company


Million cubic meters


National Cyber Initiative


(Rashut Le’umit le-Haganat ha-Cyber רשות לאומית להגנת הסייבר) National Cyber Security Authority


(Re’em) National Information Security Authority


National Security Agency


Programmable logic controller


Supervisory control and data acquisition


Web Search Engine for Finding Interconnected Devices


Universal Serial Bus


World Wide Web


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Correspondence to Lior Tabansky .

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Tabansky, L. (2017). Cyber Security Challenges: The Israeli Water Sector Example. In: Clark, R., Hakim, S. (eds) Cyber-Physical Security. Protecting Critical Infrastructure, vol 3. Springer, Cham.

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