Multi-Level Governance in Universities

Volume 47 of the series Higher Education Dynamics pp 49-74


Academic Entrepreneurialism and Changing Governance in Universities. Evidence from Empirical Studies

  • Marek KwiekAffiliated withUNESCO Chair in Institutional Research and Higher Education Policy, University of Poznan Email author 

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Entrepreneurial universities are increasingly important points of reference for international and European-level policy discussions on reforming higher education systems, and especially on a shift in its financing towards more self-reliance and its secure sustainable development in competitive environments. The chapter analyzes academic entrepreneurialism as emerging from recent European comparative (theoretical and empirical) studies. It outlines the theoretical (and ideological) “modernization agenda” of European universities promoted by the European Commission. Case studies of selected European institutions show that the modernization processes in question (and their emphasis on academic entrepreneurialism widely understood) have already been in progress in numerous institutions in different systems across Europe. The case studies also stress the pivotal role of changing governance at most entrepreneurially-oriented European universities.


Academic entrepreneurialism Entrepreneurial universities European universities Entrepreneurship Financial self-reliance Revenue generation University governance University management