Aerobic Gram-Positive Rods and Cocci

  • Brian Austin
  • Dawn A. Austin


Aerobic heterotrophic Gram-positive rods and cocci have received great attention from fisheries microbiologists, largely because of the severity of the diseases caused by pathogenic representatives. The group includes Ren. salmoninarum, Mycobacterium and Nocardia, the causal agents of BKD mycobacteriosis and nocardiosis, respectively. These organisms have been associated with slowly developing diseases that occur both in the wild and in aquaculture.


Mycobacteriosis Nocardiosis BKD Bacillary necrosis Micrococcosis 


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Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing Switzerland 2016

Authors and Affiliations

  • Brian Austin
    • 1
  • Dawn A. Austin
    • 2
  1. 1.Institute of AquacultureUniversity of StirlingStirlingUK
  2. 2.School of Life SciencesHeriot-Watt UniversityEdinburghUK

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