• Brian Austin
  • Dawn A. Austin


There are ongoing developments in the understanding of bacterial fish pathogens. New and emerging diseases are regularly recognised especially in aquaculture. Great emphasis is placed on better diagnoses, pathogenicity mechanisms, and disease control especially by immunoprophylaxis (vaccines, nonspecific immunostimulants, probiotics and natural plant products). There is an interaction between some pollutants and occurrence of fish diseases. Some fish pathogens may also cause disease of humans, including Edw. tarda, Myc. fortuitum, Myc. marinum, Ph. damselae, Ps. fluorescens, Str. iniae and V. vulnificus.


Zoonosis Co-infection Developments Pollution New diseases 


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Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing Switzerland 2016

Authors and Affiliations

  • Brian Austin
    • 1
  • Dawn A. Austin
    • 2
  1. 1.Institute of AquacultureUniversity of StirlingStirlingUK
  2. 2.School of Life SciencesHeriot-Watt UniversityEdinburghUK

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