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A Novel Approach for Axiomatic-Based Design for the Environment

  • Alessandro Giorgetti
  • Andrea Girgenti
  • Paolo Citti
  • Massimo Delogu
Chapter

Abstract

The Eco-design approach for new product development is becoming progressively more and more important for competitive and legislative reasons, especially in advanced markets (EU USA, East Asia, etc.). Its importance is increasingly growing since the decisions made in early design stages largely affect not only the cost but also the environmental impact of a product. This paper introduces a novel approach that could be used to increase the potential capability of an Eco-design approach. This aim is achieved through a better fit between the critical environmental issues and the development of new solutions using AD. The introduced approach, first, considers a meta-product point of view that uses a customized Smart Eco-design Platform and the Axiomatic Design (AD) for the improvement of the eco-sustainability of products. Then, the approach introduces the meta-system level as the reference level for detecting the system Design Matrix and developing an uncoupled design. This goal could be achieved through the use of AD and the implementation of the environmental information as a tool to reduce the space of the available design solutions. The first axiom aims to define the Design Matrix of the Functional System in order to detect its best configuration. The purpose is to avoid an optimization without appropriate knowledge in terms of interaction among meta-product and resources. Then, the Functional Requirements definition, used in AD, could represent the ideal index for the ease of sharing information and knowledge on a wide scale among different industrial sectors. The development of the Smart Eco-design Platform could encourage the use of this approach in real product development. The sharing of the database enables obtaining information for reducing the field of design parameters that satisfy the Functional Requirements. In this way, it could be possible to develop a system of products with an overall higher level of eco-sustainability and a better use of resources through information derived from other fields and experiences. Typical goals that are reachable are, for instance, represented by a system that needs less consumption of energy and material during the whole product life cycle.

Keywords

Eco-design Life cycle assessment Design for environment Functional System Design approach Product development Meta-product 

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Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing Switzerland 2016

Authors and Affiliations

  • Alessandro Giorgetti
    • 1
  • Andrea Girgenti
    • 1
  • Paolo Citti
    • 1
  • Massimo Delogu
    • 2
  1. 1.Dipartimento di Ingegneria dell’Innovazione e dell’InformazioneUniversità degli Studi Guglielmo MarconiRomeItaly
  2. 2.Dipartimento di Ingegneria IndustrialeUniversità degli Studi di FirenzeFlorenceItaly

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