Development of Web-Based Platform for Privacy Protective Avatar Mediated Distance-Care

  • Yu Kobayashi
  • Dai Hasegawa
  • Shinichi Shirakawa
  • Hiroshi Sakuta
  • Eijun Nakayama
Conference paper
Part of the Communications in Computer and Information Science book series (CCIS, volume 604)


We propose a web-based platform for privacy-protected avatar mediated distant-care. The system can avateer an elderly person based on their articular angles acquired by a motion capture system, and render the whole body animation of the avatar on a web-browser. The avatar-mediated architecture design allow caregivers to observe the elderly persons’ behavior all day long, without violating their privacy. In addition, we will show an example implementation integrating multiple sensors in the platform. By integrating multiple sensors into the platform, caregivers can observe the avatar with the elderly person’s health-related status. The implemented system showed the low communication bandwidth dependency, and sufficient frame-rate for the animation to be smoothly seen.


Avatar-Mediated Communication Health-care Privacy Protection Distant-Care 



This research was partially supported by Strategic Information and Communications R&D Promotion Programme (SCOPE).


  1. 1.
    Rizzo, A., Buckwalter, J.G., Forbell, E., Kim, J., Sagae, K., Williams, J., Difede, J.: SimCoach: an intelligent virtual human system for providing healthcare information and support. Int. J. Disabil. Hum. Dev. 10, 277–281 (2011)Google Scholar
  2. 2.
    DeVault, D., Artstein, R., Benn, G., Dey, T., Fast, E., Gainer, A., Georgila, K., Gratch, J., Hartholt, A., Lhommet, M., Lucas, G., Marsella, S., Morbini, F., Nazarian, A., Scherer, S., Stratou, G., Suri, A., Traum, D., Wood, R., Xu, Y., Rizzo, A., Morency, L.: SimSensei Kiosk: a virtual human interviewer for healthcare disicion support. In: Proceedings of the 2014 International Conference on Autonomous Agents and Multi-agent Systems, pp. 1061–1068. International Foundation for Autonomous Agents and Multiagent Systems, Richland (2014)Google Scholar
  3. 3.
    Zhou, S., Bickmore, T., Paasche-Orlow, M., Jack, B.: Agent-user concordance and satisfaction with a virtual hospital discharge nurse. In: Bickmore, T., Marsella, S., Sidner, C. (eds.) IVA 2014. LNCS, vol. 8637, pp. 528–541. Springer, Heidelberg (2014)Google Scholar
  4. 4.
    Lisetti, C., Nasoz, F., LeRouge, C., Ozyer, O., Alvarez, K.: Developing multimodal intelligent affective interfaces for tele-home health care. Int. J. Hum. Comput. Stud. 59, 245–255 (2013)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. 5.
    Leonardi, C., Mennecozzi, C., Not, E., Pianesi, F., Zancanaro, M., Gennai, F., Cristoforetti, A.: Knocking on elders’ door: investigating the functional and emotional geography of their domestic space. In: CHI 2009, Proceedings of the SIGCHI Conference on Human Factors in Computing Systems, pp. 1703–1712 (2009)Google Scholar
  6. 6.
    Hayes, G.R., Abowd, G.D.: Tensions in designing capture technologies for an evidence-based care community. In: CHI 2006 Proceedings of the SIGCHI Conference on Human Factors in Computing Systems, pp. 937–946 (2006)Google Scholar
  7. 7.
    Pouke, M., Hkkil, J.: Elderly healthcare monitoring using an avatar-based 3D virtual environment. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 10, 7283–7298 (2013)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. 8.
    Pouke, M.: Using 3D virtual environments to monitor elderly patient activity with low cost sensors. In: 2013 Seventh International Conference on Next Generation Mobile Apps, Services and Technologies (NGMAST), pp. 81–86 (2013)Google Scholar
  9. 9.
    Boyle, M., Edwards, C., Greenberg, S.: The effects of filtered video on awareness and privacy. In: Proceedings of the 2000 ACM Conference on Computer Supported Cooperative Work, pp. 1–10 (2000)Google Scholar
  10. 10.
    Beard, L., Wilson, K., Morra, D., Keelan, J.: A survey of health-related activities on second life. Journal of Medical Internet Research 11 (2009)Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing Switzerland 2016

Authors and Affiliations

  • Yu Kobayashi
    • 1
  • Dai Hasegawa
    • 1
  • Shinichi Shirakawa
    • 2
  • Hiroshi Sakuta
    • 1
  • Eijun Nakayama
    • 3
  1. 1.Department of Integrated Information Technology, College of Science and EngineeringAoyama Gakuin UniversityTokyoJapan
  2. 2.Faculty of Engineering, Information and SystemsUniversity of TsukubaTsukubaJapan
  3. 3.School of NursingKitasato UniversityTokyoJapan

Personalised recommendations