Neurocognitive Decoding of Aesthetic Appreciation
- 558 Downloads
The neural mechanisms that mediate the aesthetic experience and judgment are complex and belong to higher hierarchically cognitive domains. They involve perception, emotion, memory, language, and possibly some other cognitive functions. This complexity is a source of controversy during discussions on the mind/brain interaction regarding aesthetic experience. Accordingly, neuroimaging experiments, mainly by means of fMRI, have identified several brain regions directly involved in aesthetic appreciation such as parts of medial and dorsal frontal cortex, left temporal and parietal regions, precuneus, and cingulate cortex.
The coherent engagement of different simultaneous cognitive subprocesses is certainly a source of confusion in the abundant body of knowledge related to neuroesthetics. Studies involving the characterization of such high hierarchy neural processes in terms of functional connectivity may shed light on the debate. Thus, brain networks active during aesthetic appreciation include medial parts of frontal cortex, precuneus, and posterior cingulate cortex. Moreover, by analyzing the dynamics of such brain networks, differential patterns might lead to a deeper understanding of beauty as a psychological construct.
KeywordsDefault Mode Network Brain Network Ventral Striatum Posterior Cingulate Cortex Superior Frontal Gyrus
- Bucolo M, Grazia FD, Frasca M, Sapuppo F, Shannahoff-Khalsa D (2008) From synchronization to network theory: a strategy for MEG data analysis. In: 2008 Mediterranean conference on control and automation—conference proceedings, MED’08, pp 854–859. doi: 10.1109/MED.2008.4602069
- Carbon C-CC (2012) Dynamics of aesthetic appreciation. In: Human vision and electronic imaging XVII, 8291, 82911A–82911A–6. doi:10.1117/12.916468Google Scholar
- Dutton D (2009) The art instinct: beauty, pleasure, & human evolution. Oxford University Press. Retrieved from https://books.google.com/books?hl=en&lr=&id=jqb6WrXS68kC&pgis=1
- Gross CG (1999) Brain, vision, memory: tales in the history of neuroscience. MIT Press. Retrieved from https://books.google.com/books?hl=en&lr=&id=rHvbFhA76AkC&pgis=1
- Ione A (2003) Examining Semir Zeki’s “Neural Concept Formation and Art: Dante, Michelangelo, Wagner”. J Conscious Stud 10(2):58–66Google Scholar
- Livingstone M (2002) Vision and art: the biology of seeing. Abrams, New York, Retrieved from http://www.amazon.com/Vision-Art-The-Biology-Seeing/dp/0810995549 Google Scholar
- Ramachandran VS, Hirstein W (1999) The science of art. J Conscious Stud 6(6–7):15–35Google Scholar
- Ramachandran VS, Blakeslee S, Sacks OW (1998) Phantoms in the brain: probing the mysteries of the human mind. William Morrow, New YorkGoogle Scholar
- Santayana G (1896) The sense of beauty: being the outline of aesthetic theory. Indipublish.com, Boston, MA, Retrieved from http://www.amazon.com/The-Sense-Beauty-Outline-Aesthetic/dp/0486202380 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
- Solso RL (2011) The cognitive neuroscience of art a preliminary FMRI observation. J Conscious Stud 8:75–85, Retrieved from http://www.ingentaconnect.com/content/imp/jcs/2000/00000007/F0020008/1043 Google Scholar