External Barriers: Societal Attitudes

  • Sophia Frangou


This chapter focuses on the general societal perception of women being “less” (less confident, less competent, less likely to stay the course) and the undermining tactics reinforcing such beliefs within the workplace.


Women and confidence Competency Leadership Barriers Women in the workplace 


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    Catalyst Report. Women “Take Care”, “Men Take Charge”. Stereotyping of U.S. Business Leaders. 2005.
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    Zimmerman DH, Candace M. Sex roles, interruptions and silences in conversation.Google Scholar
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    Solnit R. Men explain things to me. Haymarket Books; 2015; ISBN: 9781608464661.Google Scholar
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Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing Switzerland 2016

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of PsychiatryIcahn School of Medicine at Mount SinaiNew YorkUSA

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