Improving Performance of Eco-Industrial Parks
Industrial Ecology hypothesizes that networks of industries designed to be analogous to the structure and properties of food webs may approach a similarly sustainable and efficient state. Although ecology is the metaphor for designing Eco-Industrial Parks (EIPs), prior research has shown that IEPs are inferior in performance compared to natural ecosystems. One EIP design approach is to enlarge EIPs by combining two or more synergistic networks to create a larger, and hopefully more successful, synergistic mega-network. An quantitative analysis using ecosystem metrics is presented in this paper in order to test the potential of this approach.
KeywordsIndustrial ecology Ecosystems Design Manufacturing
This material is based upon work supported by the National Science Foundation under Grant Nos. CMMI-0600243, CBET-0967536 and CBET-1510531. Any opinions, findings, and conclusions or recommendations expressed in this material are those of the author(s) and do not necessarily reflect the views of the National Science Foundation.
- 2.Frosch, R.A., Gallopoulos, N.E.: Strategies for manufacturing. Sci. Am., 144–152 (1989)Google Scholar
- 9.Briand, F.: Environmental control of food web structure. Ecol. Soc. Am. 64(2), 253–263 (1983)Google Scholar
- 15.Layton, A., Bras, B., Weissburg, M.: Ecological robustness as a design principle for sustainable industrial systems. In: ASME 2015 International Design Engineering Technical Conferences & Computers and Information in Engineering Conference IDETC/CIE 2015, Boston, MA, ASME (2015)Google Scholar
- 16.Layton, A., Bras, B., Weissburg, M.: Industrial Ecosystems and Food Webs: An expansion and update of existing data for eco-industrial parks and understanding the ecological food webs they wish to mimic. J. Ind. Ecol. (2015)Google Scholar
- 21.Ulanowicz, R.E.: Ecology, the Ascendent Perspective. Columbia University Press, New York (1997)Google Scholar
- 26.Fath, B.D., Network Analysis: Foundations, Extensions, and Applications of a Systems Theory of the Environment, p. 176. University of Georgia, Athens (1998)Google Scholar
- 30.Reap, J.J.: Holistic Biomimicry: A Biologically Inspired Approach to Environmentally Benign Engineering, in Mechanical Engineering. Georgia Institute of Technology, Atlanta (2009)Google Scholar
- 32.Corder, G.: Potential Synergy Opportunities in the Gladstone Industrial Region, in Project 3C1: Developing Local Synergies in the Gladstone Industrial Area, p. 68. Centre for Sustainable Resource Processing, Perth (2005)Google Scholar
- 33.Corder, G.D.: Final Project Report, in Project 3C1: Developing Local Synergies in the Gladstone Industrial Area, p. 47. Centre for Sustainable Resource Processing, Perth (2008)Google Scholar
- 34.Martin, S., et al.: Eco-industrial Parks: A Case Study and Analysis of Economic, Environmental, Technical, and Regulatory Issues. In: Doyle, B. (ed.). U.S. EPA, Washington, DC (1996)Google Scholar
- 35.Cote, R.P.: New Way of Thinking About Industrial Systems With Nature as Model, in Canadian Pollution Prevention Roundtable. Charlottetown, PEI (2009)Google Scholar