Optimal Cutting Parameters to Reduce Power Consumption in Face Milling of a Cast Iron Alloy for Environmental Sustainability

  • Xiaona Luan
  • Song ZhangEmail author
  • Gaoli Cai
Conference paper
Part of the Smart Innovation, Systems and Technologies book series (SIST, volume 52)


In the perspective of energy saving, the power consumption in the process of CNC (Computer numerical control) machining is closely related to the environmental issues. Therefore, it is especially important to optimize the cutting parameters to reduce the power consumption. In this paper, the power consumption which is determined by the cutting parameters in the face milling process of a cast iron alloy is researched. First, characteristics of machine tool power consumption were studied and the relationship between power consumption and cutting forces was described qualitatively. Secondly, a power consumption monitoring system was built to monitor and record the power consumption in real time during a face milling process. Secondly, according to central composite design (CCD), a total of 27 experiments were carried out to reveal the relationship between the power consumption and process parameters. Finally, the milling parameters were optimized by means of response surface methodology (RSM). The results indicate that the power consumption of P M and P Y can be saved by 38.55 and 28.23 % under the cutting condition of optimized parameters, and the surface quality is insured simultaneously.


Power consumption Optimization Cutting parameters A cast iron alloy Face milling 



This work is supported by National Major Science and Technology Project: High-end CNC Machine Tools and Basic Manufacturing Equipments (Grant No. 2015ZX04003-005).


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Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing Switzerland 2016

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Key Laboratory of High Efficiency and Clean Mechanical Manufacture (Ministry of Education); School of Mechanical EngineeringShandong UniversityJinanChina

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