TRIZ as a Primary Tool for Biomimetics

  • Julian Vincent


The interface between biology and technology is well visited but bereft of theory. TRIZ is well suited to bridging such an interface but similarly lacks coherent theory, although it can be shown to work. In the absence of theory and associated numerical models, a semantic model has been developed by means of an ontology. The differences between the rigidity of theoretical ontology and the fluidity of biological adaptation and change can be surmounted by the adoption of the dialectic and the foundation of the TRIZ Contradiction Matrix. Biological terms, principles and morphologies can be interpolated into the standard Parameters and Inventive Principles of the Matrix. An example—the Mexican blind cavefish which escapes predation by moving into a dark environment and relying on senses other than sight—illustrates the workings of the dialectic and the necessity to describe the biological adaptation with several Inventive Principles. Thus, the BioOntology has a feature of OTSM, Altshuller’s partially developed second generation of TRIZ.


Ontology Biological evolution Biomimetics Pareto set TRIZ matrix 



I am grateful to Brian C. R. Bertram, Norbert Hoeller, Filippo A. Salustri and Ashok K. Goel for helpful discussions


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Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing Switzerland 2016

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of ZoologyUniversity of OxfordOxfordUK

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