Taxonomies: Towards a Shared Nomenclature and Language

  • Carlos Alberto da Cruz SequeiraEmail author
  • Francisco Miguel Correia Sampaio
Part of the Principles of Specialty Nursing book series (PSN)


This chapter will focus on the main nursing taxonomies, with special focus on their relation to mental health, and emphasize their usefulness to care conception, care documentation and clinical practice. Thus, four main classifications will be analysed: the International Classification for Nursing Practice (ICNP®), from the International Council of Nurses (ICN 2010), this being the only nursing taxonomy included in the World Health Organisation (WHO) Family of International Classifications, since 2008; the Nursing Interventions Classification (NIC); and the Nursing Outcomes Classification (NOC), as well as the International Nursing Diagnoses, approved by NANDA International, Inc. (NANDA-I). These connections (Johnson et al. 2011) show significant relevance to the nursing process, since they allow the understanding of the set of outcomes related to a specific nursing diagnosis (and also to identify the indicators enabling these outcomes evaluation). They also enable the identification of the suggested nursing interventions to respond to the specific nursing diagnosis.


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Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing Switzerland 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  • Carlos Alberto da Cruz Sequeira
    • 1
    • 2
    • 3
    • 4
    Email author
  • Francisco Miguel Correia Sampaio
    • 1
    • 3
    • 5
  1. 1.Nursing School of PortoPortoPortugal
  2. 2.Scientific Pedagogical Unit, “Nursing: Discipline & Profession,”Nursing School of PortoPortoPortugal
  3. 3.Research Group “NursID: Innovation & Development in Nursing” Center for Health Technology and Services Research (CINTESIS)PortoPortugal
  4. 4.Portuguese Society of Mental Health NursingPortoPortugal
  5. 5.Psychiatry DepartmentHospital de BragaBragaPortugal

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