Bondonic Chemistry: Spontaneous Symmetry Breaking of the Topo-reactivity on Graphene

  • Mihai V. PutzEmail author
  • Ottorino OriEmail author
  • Mircea V. DiudeaEmail author
  • Beata Szefler
  • Raluca Pop
Part of the Carbon Materials: Chemistry and Physics book series (CMCP, volume 9)


Bondonic chemistry promotes the modeling of chemical transformations by quantum particles of the chemical field, the so-called bondons, rather than by molecular wave function. Being a particle of chemical interaction, the bondon is necessarily a boson, here emerging from the chemical field by spontaneous symmetry breaking mechanism, following the Goldstone mechanism yet featuring the Higgs bosonic mass rising caring the electronic pair information by a bondon–ant–bondon (Feynman) coupling, eventually corresponding to the bonding–antibonding chemical realms of a given bonding. The present mechanism of bondonic mass is applied for describing the Stone–Wales topological defects on graphene, a 2D carbon material allowing electrons to unidirectionally interact in bosonic–bondonic formation; in this framework, the molecular topology and combined molecular topology–chemical reactivity approaches are unfolded showing that bondons fulfill quantum entangled behavior, according to which (1) their masses increase when chemical reactivity information combines the topological information and (2) their masses increase with increasing the distance of their electronic pairing Feynman interaction.


Graphene Spontaneous symmetry breaking (SSB) Chemical bonding Bondon Topological index Quantum chemical computation Electronegativity Chemical hardness 



MVP thanks R&D National Institute for Electrochemistry and Condensed Matter (INCEMC), Timișoara, for the optimal framework offered and to Romanian National Authority for Scientific Research and Innovation (ANCSI) for the funds granted within the Romanian National Plan for Research, Development, and Innovation (PN-II/2007–2013) – so fulfilling the extended strategic objective “Applications for Renewable Energetic Systems,” under Nucleus Contract 34N/2009, AAD20/2015, by the project PN-09-34-02-08. B. Sz. addresses thanks to Computational Grant No. 237, PCSS (Poznan, Poland), and to T. Miernik for the help and technical support (CM UMK Bydgoszcz, Poland).


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Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Laboratory of Computational and Structural Physical-Chemistry for Nanosciences and QSAR, Department of Biology-Chemistry, Faculty of Chemistry, Biology, GeographyWest University of TimişoaraTimişoaraRomania
  2. 2.Laboratory of Renewable Energies-PhotovoltaicsR&D National Institute for Electrochemistry and Condensed MatterTimişoaraRomania
  3. 3.Actinium Chemical ResearchRomeItaly
  4. 4.Department of Chemistry, Faculty of Chemistry and Chemical EngineeringBabes-Bolyai UniversityCluj-NapocaRomania
  5. 5.Department of Physical Chemistry, Faculty of Pharmacy, Collegium MedicumNicolaus Copernicus UniversityBydgoszczPoland
  6. 6.Faculty of Pharmacy, University of Medicine and Pharmacy “Victor Babes” TimişoaraTimişoaraRomania
  7. 7.Laboratory of Computational and Structural Physical-Chemistry for Nanosciences and QSAR, Department of Biology-Chemistry, Faculty of Chemistry, Biology, Geography, West University of TimişoaraTimişoaraRomania

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