Advertisement

Clinical Presentation of Restless Legs Syndrome

  • Mark J. Buchfuhrer
Chapter
  • 505 Downloads

Abstract

To understand restless legs syndrome (RLS), it is important to understand in a fundamental way the five diagnostic clinical features (see Table  1.1). Ultimately, RLS has one key symptom: a need or urge to move that is usually associated with unpleasant feelings in the legs. The other diagnostic features say when this symptom occurs and what can relieve it. An acronym to remember this is “URGES”:

Keywords

Dopaminergic Medication Periodic Limb Movement Sharp Pain Unpleasant Feeling Crossword Puzzle 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

References

  1. 1.
    Allen RP, La Buda MC, Becker P, Earley CJ. Family history study of the restless legs syndrome. Sleep Med. 2002;3(Suppl):S3–7.CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  2. 2.
    Allen RP, Picchietti D, Hening WA, Trenkwalder C, Walters AS, Montplaisi J, et al. Restless legs syndrome diagnosis and epidemiology. A report from the restless legs syndrome diagnosis and epidemiology workshop at the National Institutes of Health. Sleep Med. 2003;4:101–19.CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  3. 3.
    Stiasny-Kolster K, Kohnen R, Möller JC, Trenkwalder C, Oertel WH. Validation of the "L-DOPA test" for diagnosis of restless legs syndrome. Mov Disord. 2006;21:1333–9.CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  4. 4.
    Michaud M, Paquet J, Lavigne G, Desautels A, Montplaisir J. Sleep laboratory diagnosis of restless legs syndrome. Eur Neurol. 2002;48:108–13.CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  5. 5.
    Hening W, Walters AS, Allen RP, Montplaisir J, Myers A, Ferini-Strambi L. Impact, diagnosis and treatment of restless legs syndrome (RLS) in a primary care population: the REST (RLS epidemiology, symptoms, and treatment) primary care study. Sleep Med. 2004;5:237–46.CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  6. 6.
    Patel S, White D, Collop N, Crapo J. Bone's atlas of pulmonary and critical care medicine. London: Current Medicine; 2005.Google Scholar
  7. 7.
    Winkelman JW. Considering the causes of RLS. Eur J Neurol. 2006;13 Suppl 2:8–14.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  8. 8.
    Kushida CA, Allen RP, Atkinson MJ. Modeling the causal relationships between symptoms associated with restless legs syndrome and the patient-reported impact of RLS. Sleep Med. 2004;5:485–8.CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing Switzerland 2016

Authors and Affiliations

  • Mark J. Buchfuhrer
    • 1
  1. 1.PIH Health Hospital - DowneyDowneyUSA

Personalised recommendations