Optimal Design for Prediction in Random Field Models via Covariance Kernel Expansions
We consider experimental design for the prediction of a realization of a second-order random field Z with known covariance function, or kernel, K. When the mean of Z is known, the integrated mean squared error of the best linear predictor, approximated by spectral truncation, coincides with that obtained with a Bayesian linear model. The machinery of approximate design theory is then available to determine optimal design measures, from which exact designs (collections of sites where to observe Z) can be extracted. The situation is more complex in the presence of an unknown linear parametric trend, and we show how a Bayesian linear model especially adapted to the trend can be obtained via a suitable projection of Z which yields a reduction of K.
KeywordsCanonical Extension Best Linear Unbiased Predictor Integrate Mean Square Error Covariance Kernel Uncorrelated Error
This work was partially supported by the ANR project DESIRE (DESIgns for spatial Random fiElds), nb. 2011-IS01-001-01, joint with the Statistics Dept. of the JKU Linz (Austria). B. Gauthier has also been supported by the MRI Dept. of EdF Chatou from Sept. to Dec. 2014.
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