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Discrete Trial Training

Part of the Evidence-Based Practices in Behavioral Health book series (EBPBH)

Abstract

The Discrete Trial Training (DTT) approach to early intervention is highly effective for remediating the social, communication, academic, and self-help difficulties that are associated with a diagnosis of autism spectrum disorder (ASD). Originally based on the early work of Ivar Lovaas, DTT has been studied extensively and remains one of the most commonly used teaching procedures and models of programming for early intervention. This chapter provides a comprehensive description of DTT and the characteristic features of DTT programming models. We describe commonly recommended components of DTT (e.g., prompt fading, reinforcement, measurement), along with procedural variations and the evidence to support them. Current research and practice in teaching others to implement DTT, research outcomes for the model, and suggestions for future research also are discussed.

Keywords

  • Discrete Trial Training (DTT)
  • Early intervention
  • Autism Spectrum Disorder (ASD)
  • Social difficulties
  • Communication problems
  • Academic problems
  • Self-help difficulties
  • Diagnosis
  • Teaching procedure
  • DDT programming models
  • Prompt fading
  • Reinforcement
  • Measurement
  • Teaching implementation of DDT
  • Research outcomes of DDT

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Correspondence to Dorothea C. Lerman .

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Lerman, D.C., Valentino, A.L., LeBlanc, L.A. (2016). Discrete Trial Training. In: Lang, R., Hancock, T., Singh, N. (eds) Early Intervention for Young Children with Autism Spectrum Disorder. Evidence-Based Practices in Behavioral Health. Springer, Cham. https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-319-30925-5_3

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