Low-Grade Gliomas

  • Anuradha BanerjeeEmail author
  • Theodore Nicolaides
Part of the Pediatric Oncology book series (PEDIATRICO)


Astrocytomas are the most common subgroup of central nervous system (CNS) tumors in children. The most frequent histological types are pilocytic and fibrillary astrocytomas, which are considered low-grade astrocytomas. A variety of other, less common glial tumors are also seen in children, including pleomorphic xanthoastrocytoma (PXA), subependymal giant cell astrocytoma, high-grade gliomas, ganglioglioma and desmoplastic infantile ganglioglioma, astroblastoma, ependymoma, and oligodendroglioma. This chapter focuses on low-grade astrocytomas with an emphasis on infiltrating astrocytoma, cerebellar astrocytoma, optic pathway glioma, and oligodendroglioma.


Cyst Wall Pilocytic Astrocytoma Gross Total Resection Pediatric Brain Tumor Mural Nodule 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.


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© Springer International Publishing 2017

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Division of Hematology/Oncology, Departments of PediatricsUniversity of California San Francisco & UCSF Benioff Children’s HospitalSan FranciscoUSA
  2. 2.Division of Hematology/Oncology, Departments of Pediatrics and Neurological SurgeryUniversity of California San Francisco & UCSF Benioff Children’s HospitalSan FranciscoUSA

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