Human Response to and Consequences of the May 22, 2011, Joplin Tornado

  • Erica D. KuligowskiEmail author
  • Franklin T. Lombardo
  • Long T. Phan
Part of the Extreme Weather and Society book series (EWS)


Tornadoes wreak havoc and destruction across the United States every year. One such tornado occurred in Joplin, Missouri on May 22, 2011. This tornado killed 161 people, damaged nearly 8000 structures and caused billions of dollars in damage. This chapter discusses the National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST) Technical Investigation of the environmental conditions, performance of buildings, emergency communications and human response to the Joplin, Missouri tornado. As a result of this investigation, recommendations to improve public health and safety are currently being implemented. A discussion of these recommendations concludes this chapter.


Tornado Joplin Human behavior Damage Windstorm 


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Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing Switzerland 2016

Authors and Affiliations

  • Erica D. Kuligowski
    • 1
    Email author
  • Franklin T. Lombardo
    • 2
  • Long T. Phan
    • 3
  1. 1.Wildland-Urban Interface Fire Group, Fire Research Division, Engineering LaboratoryNational Institute of Standards and TechnologyGaithersburgUSA
  2. 2.Department of Civil and Environmental EngineeringUniversity of Illinois at Urbana-ChampaignUrbanaUSA
  3. 3.Structures Group, Engineering LaboratoryNational Institute of Standards and TechnologyGaithersburgUSA

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