Drivers That Structure Biodiversity in the Plankton

Chapter

Abstract

Biodiversity is a key component regulating the structure and function of planktonic ecosystems and has important ramifications for the biogeochemical footprint of phytoplankton communities. Here, we explore ideas regarding the factors that generate and maintain plankton species diversity. Recently developed methods to investigate the genetics and behavior of planktonic organisms in the laboratory and in situ have provided insights into plankton ecology and evolution, including phylogeny as well as organism interactions with the biotic and abiotic environment. We suggest that the inclusion of an organismal focus that incorporates intra-specific variation could reveal factors driving marine biodiversity, strengthen the theoretical underpinnings of plankton ecology, and enhance our understanding of the population dynamics of microbes. Identification of these structuring mechanisms is not only scientifically challenging but also has significant implications for how we understand the functioning of planktonic ecosystems and our ability to predict how these ecosystems may respond to changing climate conditions.

Keywords

Plankton Biodiversity Paradox of the plankton Coexistence 

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Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing Switzerland 2016

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Graduate School of OceanographyUniversity of Rhode IslandNarragansettUSA

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