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Petrography for Archaeological Geology

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Part of the Natural Science in Archaeology book series (ARCHAEOLOGY)

Abstract

In the first edition of this textbook, it was asserted that the most common artifactual material of prehistory is lithological—rocks and/or minerals. This is still the case. Stone is, and was, the most durable of all materials available to early humans and, in most environmental settings, the most readily available. Its durability made it desirable for a multitude of tasks as well as helping insure its survival in archaeological sites. For the archaeologist, the survival of ancient human stone tools and artifacts has been both a blessing and a source of unintentional biases in terms of the reconstruction of past cultural behavior. Even with the earliest of human culture surely, there were other implements other than those of stone, but by their durability, the latter have survived, while other materials have long ago perished from the archaeological record.

Keywords

Thin Section Sedimentary Rock Metamorphic Rock Igneous Rock Dolomitic Limestone 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2016

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of GeologyUniversity of GeorgiaAthensUSA

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