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Geophysical Techniques for Archaeology

Chapter
Part of the Natural Science in Archaeology book series (ARCHAEOLOGY)

Abstract

This chapter will provide a brief but relatively comprehensive overview of geophysical techniques used in archaeology today ranging from electrical—resistivity and conductivity—to magnetic and radar methods. The methods to be discussed are the ones most commonly used in archaeological geophysics. Less frequently used methods—seismic, gravity, thermographic, induced polarization, and self-potential—to name some of the other methods used in “conventional” geophysics, will not be examined in any detail. Many of these other methods have achieved interesting results, in regard to archaeological prospection, but they remain, for a variety of reasons, of marginal interest to archaeology. As with all the geophysical methods utilized by archaeology, none were developed with archaeological prospection in mind. As is true with most, if not all, of the various methods used by archaeology, these methods have been borrowed and adapted to fit archaeological goals.

Keywords

Geographic Information System Apparent Resistivity Geophysical Method Electrode Spacing Induce Polarization 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2016

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of GeologyUniversity of GeorgiaAthensUSA

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