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Sediments, Soils, and Stratigraphy in Archaeological Geology

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Part of the Natural Science in Archaeology book series (ARCHAEOLOGY)

Abstract

Since the principal focus of this chapter is the description of sediments and soils and their use in archaeological geology, a programmatic approach to their study is used in modern geoarchaeology. Many of the methods, discussed in this chapter, and their use in both terrestrial and marine/lacustrine environments will be within their specific applications to paleoenvironments. For the assessment of subsurface deposits and their spatial/stratigraphic extent, these techniques provide the most reliable and efficient means of doing so. From the geomorphological perspective, any paleosol, unless found to outcrop in the vicinity of interest, is exposed and described using them. Likewise, for ground-truth purposes of geophysical data, they provide a reliable means of assessing depth of features such as subsurface contacts and anomalies. These field techniques allow the investigator to recover representative and depth-constrained sediment, soil, and rock samples for purposes of laboratory studies.

Keywords

Soil Horizon Archaeological Site Color Chip Lithostratigraphic Unit Color Chart 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2016

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of GeologyUniversity of GeorgiaAthensUSA

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