Statistics in Archaeological Geology

Part of the Natural Science in Archaeology book series (ARCHAEOLOGY)


Waltham (1994) considers statistics the most intensively used branch of mathematics in the earth sciences. His textbook, along with that of Robert Drennan, Statistics for Archaeologists (1996), is an excellent introduction to statistics appropriate for archaeological geology. Following Waltham, the definition of a statistic is simply an estimate of a parameter—mass, velocity, dimension, etc.—based upon a sample from a population. Unless that population is composed of a relatively small number of items or objects, then it is almost certain that estimates must be made of the populations using independently drawn samples. As archaeology is largely a study of population of “things,” reliable estimates of these collections are best made using statistical techniques. These techniques include parametric measures of central tendency and dispersion such as the mean, the standard deviation, and the variance.


Central Tendency Discriminant Function Analysis Ratio Scale Discriminant Function Analysis Rejection Region 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.


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© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2016

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of GeologyUniversity of GeorgiaAthensUSA

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