Children with Acute Neurologic Deficits: What Has to Be Ruled Out Within Two to Three Hours

  • W. K. ‘Kling’ ChongEmail author
  • Andrea Rossi


Compared to the illnesses encountered in the ageing populations of the developed world, illness in children is relatively uncommon. Basic societal hygiene and healthcare provision is supportive of paediatric populations which are mostly healthy. When illness occurs, some of the diseases may be unusual or only rarely encountered. This has led to the impression that the neuroimaging of children is found to be challenging for many general radiologists.


Acute neurological illness Coma Epilepsy Seizures Stroke Encephalitis Emergent head CT Emergent brain MRI Spine injury Myelitis PRES Neurotoxicity 


Good General Reading and Reference Text

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    Barkovich AJ, Raybaud C (2011) Pediatric neuroimaging. 5th edn. ISBN/ISSN: 9781605477145.

Some Related Peer Reviewed Papers

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    Roy AA, Mankad K, Chong WK, Saunders D (2015) Neuroimaging of non-accidental injury. Curr Pediatr Rev 11(4):262–277CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
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    Liu AC, Segaren N, Cox TS, Hayward RD, Chong WK, Ganesan V, Saunders DE (2006) Is there a role for magnetic resonance imaging in the evaluation of non-traumatic intraparenchymal haemorrhage in children? Pediatr Radiol 36(9):940–946CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
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    Saunders DE, Thompson C, Gunny R, Jones R, Cox T, Chong WK (2007) Magnetic resonance imaging protocols for paediatric neuroradiology. Pediatr Radiol 37(8):789–797CrossRefPubMedPubMedCentralGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing Switzerland 2016

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.RadiologyGreat Ormond Street Hospital for ChildrenLondonUK
  2. 2.Neuroradiology UnitIstituto Giannina GasliniGenoaItaly

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