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Cerebral Infections

  • David J. Mikulis
  • Majda M. ThurnherEmail author
Chapter

Abstract

The broad categories of infectious diseases that affect the central nervous system (CNS) continue to present diagnostic challenges. Although imaging patterns of disease are well established, overlap between categories can occur. For example, the differentiation of cysticercosis, a parasitic infection from a tuberculous abscess, a bacterial infection, can be difficult. Additional challenges are posed by the increasing probability of encountering non-endemic pathogens secondary to the “globalization” of infections brought on by the expansion of international travel, transportation, and immigration. Additionally, increasing numbers of patients are undergoing treatments and therapies that compromise the immune system, leading to altered host responses that no longer express the expected patterns of tissue injury.

Keywords

Infection Viral Parasitic Bacterial Fungal Abscess Meningitis Encephalitis Empyema 

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Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing Switzerland 2016

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department Medical ImagingThe University Health Network, The Toronto Western Hospital, The University of TorontoTorontoCanada
  2. 2.Department of Biomedical Imaging and Image-Guided TherapyUniversity Hospital Vienna, Medical University ViennaViennaAustria

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