• Jürgen RettingerEmail author
  • Silvia Schwarz
  • Wolfgang Schwarz


The first part of the Introduction gives an overview and some basic background on what we will present in the following chapters. The Introduction will also give a brief overview on the history of electrophysiology. Particularly, modern developments will be dealt with in more detail in the later chapters. For detailed information on the electrophysiology of ion channels we would like to direct the reader to the excellent textbooks by Bertil Hille (2001) and David J. Aidley and Peter R. Stanfield (1996). We also refer to the Axon Guide (Axon Instruments 1993).


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Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing Switzerland 2016

Authors and Affiliations

  • Jürgen Rettinger
    • 1
    Email author
  • Silvia Schwarz
    • 2
  • Wolfgang Schwarz
    • 3
  1. 1.Multi Channel Systems GmbHReutlingenGermany
  2. 2.Shanghai Research Center for Acupuncture and Meridians, Shanghai Key Laboratory for Acupuncture Mechanism and Acupoint FunctionFudan UniversityShanghai-PudongChina
  3. 3.Institut für BiophysikGoethe-Universität FrankfurtFrankfurt am MainGermany

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