Recent Development of Platinum-Based Nanocatalysts for Oxygen Reduction Electrocatalysis

  • David Raciti
  • Zhen Liu
  • Miaofang Chi
  • Chao WangEmail author
Part of the Nanostructure Science and Technology book series (NST)


Recent development of electrochemical technologies for renewable energy conversion and storage has enlightened the importance of tailoring the structures of catalytic materials at the nanoscale. In particular, the design and synthesis of nanocatalysts for the oxygen reduction reaction (ORR) in proton exchange membrane fuel cells (PEMFCs) have attracted great attention and been extensively studied. Remarkable progress has been made in improving the catalytic activity and stability of ORR catalysts by controlling and tuning the particle size, shape, composition and surface structures, as well as building up sophisticated composite nanostructures in core/shell and nanoporous configurations. Here a brief review is provided for the recent development of Pt-based nanocatalysts for the ORR. Instead of providing a complete list of the great amount of work reported in this topic, our focus is placed on fundamental understanding of the structure-property relationships of platinum-based nanomaterials, in particular alloy nanoparticles, in the electrochemical environment. The discussion is guided by correlations between well-defined extended surfaces and practical high-surface-area catalysts. Conclusions are made on challenges that remain and potential implications on other catalytic systems.


Oxygen Reduction Reaction Membrane Electrode Assembly Oxygen Reduction Reaction Activity Alloy Catalyst Composite Nanostructures 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.



The authors at JHU thank the start-up support from the Whiting School of Engineering, Johns Hopkins University and funding support from NSF/DMR.


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Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing Switzerland 2016

Authors and Affiliations

  • David Raciti
    • 1
  • Zhen Liu
    • 1
  • Miaofang Chi
    • 2
  • Chao Wang
    • 1
    Email author
  1. 1.Department of Chemical and Biomolecular EngineeringJohns Hopkins University BaltimoreUSA
  2. 2.Center for Nanophase Materials Sciences, Oak Ridge National Laboratory Oak RidgeUSA

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