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Applications of Nanomaterials in Microbial Fuel Cells

  • R. Fogel
  • J. L. LimsonEmail author
Chapter
Part of the Nanostructure Science and Technology book series (NST)

Abstract

Microbial fuel cells (MFCs) make use of the bioelectrochemical metabolic pathways of microorganisms to generate electrical energy, often by way of a bioanode-cathode configuration. To translate MFCs into technologies that are implementable, two overarching goals currently dominate research in this area: extending their ability to treat a range of pollutants (bioremediation), and improving their energy generation capacities. The increased knowledge in the field of nanotechnology is a much-examined route to providing innovative solutions to overcome certain existing limitations of MFCs.

In this book chapter, the evolving role of nanotechnology in microbial fuel cells and current main research themes are outlined, according to the intended function of the nanotechnological intervention: supporting organism-electrode (biotic) interactions; as catalysts for abiotic processes, and serving as supports for catalysts of both biotic and abiotic processes.

Keywords

Oxygen Reduction Reaction Microbial Fuel Cell Direct Electron Transfer Electrode Surface Area Electron Transfer Efficiency 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

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Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing Switzerland 2016

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Biotechnology Innovation CentreRhodes UniversityGrahamstownSouth Africa

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