Arbuscular Mycorrhiza and Endophytic Fungi in Ruspestrian Grasslands

  • Yumi Oki
  • Bruno Tomio Goto
  • Khadija Jobim
  • Luiz Henrique Rosa
  • Mariana Costa Ferreira
  • Etiene Silva Coutinho
  • João Henrique de Azevedo Xavier
  • Fernanda Carvalho
  • Fatima Maria de Souza Moreira
  • Francisco Adriano de Souza
  • Ricardo Luís Louro Berbara
  • G. Wilson Fernandes


Rupestrian grasslands are a biodiversity hotspot for arbuscular mycorrhizal fungi (AMF) and endophytic fungi. These groups have major influence on the structure and dynamics of the plant community in this ecosystem. AMF are generalists, associating with a wide variety of host plants , while endophytic fungi tend to establish more specific relations with host plants. AMF distribution is mainly influenced by soil attributes, while the distribution of endophytic fungi is mostly driven by the host plant. Both fungal groups influence the host plant metabolism and ecology , enhancing the host plant survival in this harsh ecosystem. There are no studies relating both fungal groups in rupestrian grasslands. A strong relation may exist between them, and exploring this gap will contribute to the understanding of this unique ecosystem and the relations in it.


Arbuscular Mycorrhizal Fungus Endophytic Fungus Arbuscular Mycorrhizal Fungus Species Arbuscular Mycorrhizal Fungus Community Arbuscular Mycorrhizal Fungus Diversity 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.



We thank for CNPq, FAPEMIG and CAPES for grants and scholarships to the authors. We also thank for John Schroeder for careful reading the manuscript and for his helpful comments and suggestions.


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Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing Switzerland 2016

Authors and Affiliations

  • Yumi Oki
    • 1
  • Bruno Tomio Goto
    • 2
  • Khadija Jobim
    • 3
  • Luiz Henrique Rosa
    • 4
  • Mariana Costa Ferreira
    • 4
  • Etiene Silva Coutinho
    • 5
  • João Henrique de Azevedo Xavier
    • 5
  • Fernanda Carvalho
    • 6
  • Fatima Maria de Souza Moreira
    • 6
  • Francisco Adriano de Souza
    • 7
  • Ricardo Luís Louro Berbara
    • 8
  • G. Wilson Fernandes
    • 1
    • 9
  1. 1.Ecologia Evolutiva and Biodiversidade/DBG, CP 486, ICBUniversidade Federal de Minas GeraisBelo HorizonteBrazil
  2. 2.Departamento de Botânica e Zoologia, CBUniversidade Federal do Rio Grande do NorteNatalBrazil
  3. 3.PPG em Sistemática e Evolução, CBUniversidade Federal do Rio Grande do NorteNatalBrazil
  4. 4.Departamento de Microbiologia, ICBUniversidade Federal de Minas GeraisBelo HorizonteBrazil
  5. 5.PPG em Ecologia, Conservação da Vida Silvestre, ICBUniversidade Federal de Minas GeraisBelo HorizonteBrazil
  6. 6.Departamento de Ciência do SoloUniversidade Federal de LavrasLavrasBrazil
  7. 7.Núcleo de Biologia Aplicada, Embrapa Milho e SorgoSete LagoasBrazil
  8. 8.Departamento de Solos, Instituto de AgronomiaUniversidade Federal Rural Do Rio de JaneiroSeropédicaBrazil
  9. 9.Department of BiologyStanford UniversityStanfordUSA

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