Methods for Measuring Greenhouse Gas Balances and Evaluating Mitigation Options in Smallholder Agriculture

pp 119-134

Open Access This content is freely available online to anyone, anywhere at any time.


Quantifying Tree Biomass Carbon Stocks and Fluxes in Agricultural Landscapes

  • Shem KuyahAffiliated withWorld Agroforestry Centre (ICRAF)Jomo Kenyatta University of Agriculture and Technology (JKUAT) Email author 
  • , Cheikh MbowAffiliated withWorld Agroforestry Centre (ICRAF)
  • , Gudeta W. SileshiAffiliated withFreelance Consultant
  • , Meine van NoordwijkAffiliated withWorld Agroforestry Centre (ICRAF)
  • , Katherine L. TullyAffiliated withUniversity of Maryland
  • , Todd S. RosenstockAffiliated withWorld Agroforestry Centre (ICRAF)


This chapter presents methods to quantify carbon stocks and carbon stock changes in biomass of trees in agricultural landscapes. Specifically it assesses approaches for their applicability to smallholder farms and other tree enterprises in agricultural landscapes. Measurement techniques are evaluated across three criteria: accuracy, cost, and scale. We then recommend techniques appropriate for users looking to quantify carbon in tree biomass at the whole-farm and landscape scales. A basic understanding of the carbon cycle and the concepts of biomass assessment is assumed.