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Oral Infections

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Abstract

Bacterial, fungal, and viral infections are frequently encountered in the oral cavity. There is no single feature characterizing infection in the mouth, and in many cases the clinical appearance may be similar to that of noninfectious conditions. Careful history taking and examination, identification of risk factors, and appropriate utilization and interpretation of diagnostic tests are critical for determining the correct diagnosis and initiating appropriate therapy. This chapter provides a rational approach to assessing, diagnosing, and managing patients with oral infections, with a special emphasis on those with underlying immunosuppression.

Keywords

  • Caries
  • Cavities
  • Periodontal disease
  • Abscess
  • Periapical abscess
  • Periapical granuloma
  • Periapical radiolucency
  • Periodontal abscess
  • Streptococcus mutans
  • Ludwig angina
  • Necrotizing fasciitis
  • Mediastinitis
  • Trismus
  • Endodontic therapy
  • Root canal therapy
  • Neutropenia
  • Calculus
  • Tartar
  • Plaque
  • Furcation
  • Pericoronitis
  • Inflammatory gingival hyperplasia
  • Nifedipine
  • Phenytoin
  • Cyclosporine
  • Acute necrotizing stomatitis
  • Parotitis
  • Paramyxovirus
  • Mumps
  • Epstein-Barr virus
  • Cytomegalovirus
  • HIV
  • Candida albicans
  • Candidiasis
  • Thrush
  • Pseudomembranous candidiasis
  • Hyperplastic candidiasis
  • Erythematous candidiasis
  • Angular cheilitis
  • Aspergillosis
  • Cryptococcosis
  • Blastomycosis
  • Histoplasmosis
  • Paracoccidioidomycosis
  • Mucormycosis
  • Human papilloma virus
  • Enterovirus
  • Shingles
  • Postherpetic neuralgia
  • Ramsay Hunt syndrome
  • Herpes zoster oticus
  • Mononucleosis
  • Oral hairy leukoplakia
  • Posttransplant lymphoproliferative disease
  • Squamous cell carcinoma
  • Squamous papilloma
  • Verruca vulgaris
  • Condyloma acuminatum
  • Focal epithelial hyperplasia
  • Heck disease
  • Coxsackievirus
  • Herpangina
  • Hand-foot-and-mouth disease

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  • DOI: 10.1007/978-3-319-29767-5_7
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Bruch, J.M., Treister, N.S. (2017). Oral Infections. In: Clinical Oral Medicine and Pathology. Springer, Cham. https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-319-29767-5_7

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  • DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-319-29767-5_7

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  • Publisher Name: Springer, Cham

  • Print ISBN: 978-3-319-29765-1

  • Online ISBN: 978-3-319-29767-5

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