Oral Infections

  • Jean M. Bruch
  • Nathaniel S. Treister


Bacterial, fungal, and viral infections are frequently encountered in the oral cavity. There is no single feature characterizing infection in the mouth, and in many cases the clinical appearance may be similar to that of noninfectious conditions. Careful history taking and examination, identification of risk factors, and appropriate utilization and interpretation of diagnostic tests are critical for determining the correct diagnosis and initiating appropriate therapy. This chapter provides a rational approach to assessing, diagnosing, and managing patients with oral infections, with a special emphasis on those with underlying immunosuppression.


Caries Cavities Periodontal disease Abscess Periapical abscess Periapical granuloma Periapical radiolucency Periodontal abscess Streptococcus mutans Ludwig angina Necrotizing fasciitis Mediastinitis Trismus Endodontic therapy Root canal therapy Neutropenia Calculus Tartar Plaque Furcation Pericoronitis Inflammatory gingival hyperplasia Nifedipine Phenytoin Cyclosporine Acute necrotizing stomatitis Parotitis Paramyxovirus Mumps Epstein-Barr virus Cytomegalovirus HIV Candida albicans Candidiasis Thrush Pseudomembranous candidiasis Hyperplastic candidiasis Erythematous candidiasis Angular cheilitis Aspergillosis Cryptococcosis Blastomycosis Histoplasmosis Paracoccidioidomycosis Mucormycosis Human papilloma virus Enterovirus Shingles Postherpetic neuralgia Ramsay Hunt syndrome Herpes zoster oticus Mononucleosis Oral hairy leukoplakia Posttransplant lymphoproliferative disease Squamous cell carcinoma Squamous papilloma Verruca vulgaris Condyloma acuminatum Focal epithelial hyperplasia Heck disease Coxsackievirus Herpangina Hand-foot-and-mouth disease 


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Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing Switzerland 2017

Authors and Affiliations

  • Jean M. Bruch
    • 1
  • Nathaniel S. Treister
    • 2
  1. 1.Massachusetts Eye & Ear InfirmaryHarvard Medical SchoolBostonUSA
  2. 2.Brigham & Women’s Hospital Dana-Farber Cancer Institute Harvard School of Dental MedicineBostonUSA

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