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Pigmented Lesions

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Abstract

Unusual or abnormal coloration of the oral mucosa can arise from a variety of exogenous (extrinsic) or endogenous (intrinsic) sources. Pigmentation varies widely and may be present in a generalized fashion throughout the oral cavity or as an isolated focal lesion. This chapter discusses the etiology and presentation of pigmented lesions as well as certain systemic conditions associated with oral pigmentation. Diagnostic and treatment guidelines are provided.

Keywords

  • Physiologic pigmentation
  • Exogenous pigmentation
  • Endogenous pigmentation
  • Melanin
  • Melanocyte
  • Bilirubin
  • Melanotic macule
  • Nevus
  • Smoker’s melanosis
  • Addison disease
  • Cushing syndrome
  • Peutz-Jeghers syndrome
  • Amalgam tattoo
  • Hemochromatosis
  • Ferritin
  • Hemosiderin
  • Varix
  • Hemangioma
  • Vascular malformation
  • Pyogenic granuloma
  • Kaposi sarcoma
  • Hematoma
  • Petechiae
  • Osler-Weber-Rendu syndrome

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  • DOI: 10.1007/978-3-319-29767-5_6
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Bruch, J.M., Treister, N.S. (2017). Pigmented Lesions. In: Clinical Oral Medicine and Pathology. Springer, Cham. https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-319-29767-5_6

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  • DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-319-29767-5_6

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  • Publisher Name: Springer, Cham

  • Print ISBN: 978-3-319-29765-1

  • Online ISBN: 978-3-319-29767-5

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