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Nuclear Testing

  • Edward C. MorseEmail author
Chapter
Part of the Advanced Sciences and Technologies for Security Applications book series (ASTSA)

Abstract

The early history of above-ground nuclear testing is discussed, along with the formation of treaties to limit and later to ban nuclear testing. The structure of the Comprehensive Test Ban Treaty Organization (CTBTO) is outlined, along with its International Monitoring System (IMS). The physics and technology of each type of nuclear test monitoring is discussed, starting with the general nature of fission product distributions and the relationship with the isotope undergoing fission and the neutron energies involved. The fission product signatures for xenon, cesium, krypton, and argon are discussed, their atmospheric transport is studied, and the three technologies used at IMS radioxenon stations are explored. Next seismic waves are discussed, along with some historical examples of nuclear detection with seismic signals. Hydroacoustic signals are also discussed, and finally infrasound signals in the atmosphere.

Keywords

Fission Product Nuclear Test Former Soviet Union International Monitoring System Infrasonic Wave 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

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Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing Switzerland 2016

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of Nuclear EngineeringUniversity of California, BerkeleyBerkeleyUSA

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