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The Nuclear Fuel Cycle

  • Edward C. MorseEmail author
Chapter
  • 1.4k Downloads
Part of the Advanced Sciences and Technologies for Security Applications book series (ASTSA)

Abstract

Vast amounts of ore are mined to produce usable stocks of uranium due to the low concentration of uranium in the ores. The worldwide distribution of uranium ore is discussed. Next, the steps in preparing this material for processing in enrichment plants are described. Enrichment technologies, including gaseous diffusion, centrifuges, electromagnetic separation, and laser isotope separation, are described. The concept of the Separative Work Unit, or SWU, is introduced, and the mass balance calculations for an enrichment cascade are given. The proliferation potential for each of these schemes is described. Reactors are used to make plutonium, and the features making reactor types attractive or unattractive for weapon-grade plutonium production are described. Conversion of military material to civilian use is discussed, and proliferation risks in the waste stream are assessed.

Keywords

Gaseous Diffusion Fuel Cycle Spend Fuel Isotope Separation Uranium Hexafluoride 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

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Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing Switzerland 2016

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of Nuclear EngineeringUniversity of California, BerkeleyBerkeleyUSA

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