Transgenderism, Sex Reassignment Surgery and Employees’ Job-Satisfaction

  • Nick DrydakisEmail author


The current study examines the association between sex reassignment surgery (i.e., genital reconstruction surgery) and job satisfaction. For a period of 3 years (2012–2014), 23 biological male employees and 17 biological female employees who underwent sex reassignment surgery were periodically interviewed in the city of London (UK). By collecting longitudinal quantitative data before and after their sex reassignment surgery, associations between masculinity, femininity, pre- and post-sex reassignment surgery, life satisfaction and job satisfaction were analyzed. Utilizing random effect models the estimations suggest that, for both male to female, and female to male groups, sex reassignment surgery entails job satisfaction adjustments. In addition, interaction effects suggest that, with sex reassignment surgery life satisfaction, femininity for males to females, and masculinity for females to males can positively impact on transgender employees’ job satisfaction. We suggest that if sex reassignment surgery is correlated with better mental health, improved body and mental satisfaction in relation to gender identity, and more commitment to work due to better psychology, then job satisfaction might be positively affected by sex reassignment surgery since these factors are perceived to have a direct impact on the happiness individuals receive from their jobs.


Transgender employees Sex reassignment surgery Job satisfaction Transitioning 


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Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing Switzerland 2016

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of Economics and International BusinessLord Ashcroft International Business School, Anglia Ruskin UniversityCambridgeUK
  2. 2.Institute for the Study of Labor, IZA, Forschungsinstitut zur Zukunft der Arbeit GmbHBonnGermany

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