Stereotypes, Marginalisation and Exclusion

  • Nuraan Davids
  • Yusef Waghid


We argued previously that a conception of Muslim cannot just be instrumentally tied to an individual’s confessional stance, but rather, that as an ethical being, a Muslim is one who surrenders to a higher being by cultivating harmonious and balanced relationships between him/herself and others. Building on this particular understanding of Muslim, we also argued that a conception of ummah, as a collective marker of belonging to humankind, would need to embody and manifest itself through ethical practices and ways of being, since such an ummah would be unencumbered by religious, cultural, economic or political limitations. In the previous chapter, we concluded that those who lay claim to accepting the message of Islam, as articulated through the Qurān and made visible through the life and teachings of the Prophet Muhammad, have a responsibility to act and speak out against all forms of dystopias. It seems appropriate, therefore, in the concluding chapter of this book, to give due consideration to the instances and patterns of stereotypes, marginalisation and exclusion that invariably contribute to the world in which we find ourselves.


Religious Tradition Muslim Woman Ideological Difference Terrorist Incident Basic Fundamental Principle 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.


  1. Arkoun, M. (1994). Rethinking Islam: Common questions, uncommon answers. Trans. R. D. Lee. San Francisco, CA: Westview Press.Google Scholar
  2. Bagheri, K. & Khosravi, Z. (2006). The Islamic concept of education reconsidered. American Journal of Islamic Social Sciences, 23(4), 88–103.Google Scholar
  3. Falk, R. (1997). False universalism and the geopolitics of exclusion: The case of Islam. Third World Quarterly, 18(1), 7–23.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. Ramadan, T. (2001). Islam, the West and the challenges of modernity. London: The Islamic Foundation.Google Scholar
  5. Sahin, B. (2007). Toleration, political liberalism, and peaceful coexistence in the Muslim world. American Journal of Islamic Social Sciences, 24(1), 1–24.Google Scholar
  6. Stowasser, B. (1994). Women in the Qur’an, traditions and interpretations. New York: Oxford University Press.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© The Author(s) 2016

Authors and Affiliations

  • Nuraan Davids
    • 1
  • Yusef Waghid
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of Education Policy Studies Faculty of EducationStellenbosch UniversityCape TownSouth Africa

Personalised recommendations