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Human Mobility and the Dynamics of Measles in Large Geographical Areas

  • Ramona Marguta
  • Andrea ParisiEmail author
Conference paper
Part of the Springer Proceedings in Complexity book series (SPCOM)

Abstract

In recent years the global nature of epidemic spread has become a well established fact, however there have been limited studies on the detailed propagation of infectious diseases on regional scales. We have recently introduced a simulation program that explores disease propagation on such scales: the model uses a gridded geographical description of human settlements on top of which mobility is implemented using the Radiation Model. Parallel computation permits unlimited complexity. Both individual and equation based simulations of epidemiological models can be performed, thus permitting the exploration of the effects of mobility locally and globally. Using a SIR model parametrized for measles, we perform simulations for the area of British Isles, which we assume isolated. Exploring how the dynamics is influenced by human mobility, we show that mobility influences the dynamics globally and locally. In particular, the interplay of mobility and city size, enhances or reduces the contribution of the different mechanisms involved.

Keywords

Prefer Location British Isle Radiation Model Home Location Mobility Ratio 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

Notes

Acknowledgments

The authors acknowledge funding from the Fundação para a Ciência e a Tecnologia (FCT) under contract no. PTDC/SAU-EPI/112179/2009, and centre grant (to BioISI, centre reference: UID/MULTI/04046/2013), obtained from FCT/MCTES/PIDDAC, Portugal.

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Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing Switzerland 2016

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.BioISI-Biosystems Integrative Sciences Institute and Departamento de FísicaFaculdade de Ciências da Universidade de LisboaCampo Grande, LisbonPortugal

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