Figures of Merit of Modern Piezo-Active Ceramics and Composites

  • Christopher R. BowenEmail author
  • Vitaly Yu. Topolov
  • Hyunsun Alicia Kim
Part of the Springer Series in Materials Science book series (SSMATERIALS, volume 238)


In the past decades, various figures of merit have been introduced to characterise the effectiveness of modern functional materials in the context of their piezoelectric and/or pyroelectric properties [1–5].


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Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing Switzerland 2016

Authors and Affiliations

  • Christopher R. Bowen
    • 1
    Email author
  • Vitaly Yu. Topolov
    • 2
  • Hyunsun Alicia Kim
    • 3
    • 4
  1. 1.Department of Mechanical Engineering, Materials Research CentreUniversity of BathBathUK
  2. 2.Department of PhysicsSouthern Federal UniversityRostov-on-DonRussia
  3. 3.Department of Mechanical EngineeringUniversity of BathBathUK
  4. 4.Structural Engineering DepartmentUniversity of California San DiegoSan DiegoUSA

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