Electromechanical Coupling Factors and Their Anisotropy in Piezoelectric and Ferroelectric Materials

  • Christopher R. BowenEmail author
  • Vitaly Yu. Topolov
  • Hyunsun Alicia Kim
Part of the Springer Series in Materials Science book series (SSMATERIALS, volume 238)


The ECF characterises the conversion of electrical energy into the mechanical form and the conversion of mechanical energy into the electric form (see work [1, 2] and Sect.  1.2). A system of the ECFs (see, for example, ( 1.21)–( 1.27) for poled FCs) is introduced to describe the conversion and takes into account the symmetry of a piezoelectric material, orientations of its crystallographic axes, input and output arrangements, etc.


Electromechanical Coupling Elastic Anisotropy Piezoelectric Coefficient Anisotropy Factor Electromechanical Property 
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Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing Switzerland 2016

Authors and Affiliations

  • Christopher R. Bowen
    • 1
    Email author
  • Vitaly Yu. Topolov
    • 2
  • Hyunsun Alicia Kim
    • 3
    • 4
  1. 1.Department of Mechanical Engineering, Materials Research CentreUniversity of BathBathUK
  2. 2.Department of PhysicsSouthern Federal UniversityRostov-on-DonRussia
  3. 3.Department of Mechanical EngineeringUniversity of BathBathUK
  4. 4.Structural Engineering DepartmentUniversity of California San DiegoSan DiegoUSA

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