Stabilisation of Cliffs

  • Eric BirdEmail author
Part of the SpringerBriefs in Earth Sciences book series (BRIEFSEARTH)


Where coastal cliff recession threatens to undermine and destroy structures such as roads and buildings, or land that is valued for agriculture, or the preservation of scenic or scientific features, the usual response is to armour the cliff base against wave attack. Some cliffs have been stabilised by walling, or landscaped as bluffs. Alternatively, cliffs may be protected by beach renourishment.


Storm Surge Coastal Slope Vertical Cliff Cliff Retreat Protective Apron 
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  1. Bird ECF, Lewis N (2014) Beach renourishment. Springer, DordrechtGoogle Scholar
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  3. Mackenzie AD (1939) Coastal erosion in Victoria. Transactions of the Institute of Engineers, Australia 20:229–236Google Scholar
  4. Williams AT, Davies P (1980) Man as a geological agent: the sea cliffs of Llantwit Major, Wales. Z Geomorphol Supplementband 34:129–141Google Scholar

Copyright information

© The Author(s) 2016

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of GeographyUniversity of MelbourneMelbourneAustralia

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