Is Culture an Underpinning or Undermining Factor in the Business Environment of the Transitional Countries?

  • Ružica Šimić BanovićEmail author


The interplay of formal (laws, regulations) and informal institutions (culture, tradition, norms of behaviour) has showed to be initially underestimated in the recent economic, political, and social transformation of Central and Eastern European countries. This predominantly led to a uniform approach that undervalued intangible legacy and consequently could neither predict nor address the divergence of countries’ development and evolution of their business systems.

Dominant national culture has been recognized as a very influential factor of the institutional change. Considering that favourable business environment is vital for economic progress, “institutional stickiness” of business-related laws and regulations and culture is thoroughly researched. It is further linked with overall quality of the business environment and level of economic development. This article suggests that favourable business environment is expected to be found in societies characterised by weak power distance, high individualism, low uncertainty avoidance and indulgence instead of restraint. Yet, opposite characteristics are found in numerous transition countries. The findings also suggest lesser likelihood of successful institutional import from Western to Eastern European societies.


Business Environment Cultural Dimension Power Distance Formal Institution Uncertainty Avoidance 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.


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Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing Switzerland 2016

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Faculty of Law, Department of EconomicsUniversity of ZagrebZagrebCroatia

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