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Parasites After Hematopoietic Stem Cell or Solid Organ Transplantation

Chapter

Abstract

Parasitic infections in the setting of transplantation, although uncommon, are being increasingly recognized. They may represent a significant threat for a successful outcome. Extensive human travel and immigration, and climatic changes are re-shaping the epidemiology of parasitic infections, allowing for their emergence in unexpected settings. Transplant physicians should get familiar with parasitic infections and promote adherence to preventive measures in transplant recipients. Parasitic diseases in the transplant recipient may result from recrudescence of dormant or unrecognized parasitic infections in the potential transplant recipient after starting immunosuppression, or from de novo acquisition either from transmission of an infected graft or infected blood products, or by naturally occurring infection. Thorough knowledge of clinical manifestations and diagnostic methods for parasitic disease allows for early diagnosis, implementation of preventive measures, or for adequate monitoring to detect reactivation and initiation of timely pre-emptive treatment.

Keywords

Parasites Solid organ transplantation Hematopoietic stem cell transplantation Infection 

Notes

Acknowledgements. 

The authors would like to acknowledge Dr. Roberta Lattes, who was the first co-author of the previous versions of this chapter; Dr. Silvia A. Repetto for her helpful suggestions and review, and Mrs. Brenda Koliren for her assistance reviewing the English version of the manuscript.

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© Springer International Publishing Switzerland 2016

Open Access This chapter is distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution Noncommercial License, which permits any noncommercial use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author(s) and source are credited.

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of Infectious DiseasesInstituto de NefrologíaCiudad Autonoma de Buenos AiresArgentina

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