Mold Infections in Solid Organ Transplant Recipients

  • Patricia Muñoz
  • Maddalena Giannella
  • Antonio Vena
  • Emilio Bouza


Invasive mold infections represent an important cause of morbidity and mortality in solid organ transplant recipients. The advances in surgical techniques, immunosuppression, and prophylactic strategies have greatly modified the epidemiology of these infections in the transplant population with a progressive increase in infection caused by Aspergillus spp. and other less-common mold fungi, such as Zygomycetes, Scedosporium, and Fusarium spp. Herein, we summarize the recent changes in epidemiology of the most frequent mold infection affecting solid organ transplant patients, incorporating the newer data regarding specific risk factors, diagnostic strategy, and clinical and imaging findings. We also tried to give an overview of the current prophylaxis, treatments, and outcomes of these infections in solid organ transplant population.


Fungal infections Mold infections Solid organ transplants Aspergillus spp. Mucorales 


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Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing Switzerland 2016

Open Access This chapter is distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution Noncommercial License, which permits any noncommercial use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author(s) and source are credited.

Authors and Affiliations

  • Patricia Muñoz
    • 1
    • 2
  • Maddalena Giannella
    • 3
  • Antonio Vena
    • 1
    • 2
  • Emilio Bouza
    • 1
    • 2
  1. 1.CIBER Enfermedades Respiratorias-CIBERES (CB06/06/0058)MadridSpain
  2. 2.Instituto de Investigación Sanitaria Gregorio Marañón (IISGM) Dr. Esquerdo, 46, 28007MadridSpain
  3. 3.Department of Clinical Microbiology and Infectious DiseasesHospital General Universitario Gregorio Marañón, Dr. EsquerdoMadridSpain

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