Mold Infections After Hematopoietic Stem Cell Transplantation

  • Kieren A. Marr


Fungi, especially those caused by yeasts and molds, have been a major concern in transplantation for many years. Shortly after successful strategies were adopted to prevent candidiasis, infections caused by molds emerged as the prominent problem. Epidemiology and outcomes studies performed in the 1990s demonstrated that mold infections, especially invasive pulmonary aspergillosis, had become a leading cause of infection during both the early pre-engraftment and late post-allogeneic transplant time periods, with high rates of death. Today, both the epidemiology and outcomes of mold infections have changed, in large part associated with earlier diagnosis and increased use of azole-based therapies. This chapter will review historical changes, update diagnostics and therapies, and discuss emerging issues that are likely to warrant more attention in the future.


Aspergillosis Mold infections Stem cell transplantation 


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© Springer International Publishing Switzerland 2016

Open Access This chapter is distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution Noncommercial License, which permits any noncommercial use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author(s) and source are credited.

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of MedicineJohns Hopkins HospitalBaltimoreUSA

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