Equation-Based Design, Integration, and Optimization of Oxycombustion Power Systems

  • Alexander W. Dowling
  • John P. Eason
  • Jinliang Ma
  • David C. Miller
  • Lorenz T. Biegler
Chapter

Abstract

The application of “systems-based tools’’ including exergy/pinch analysis and process simulation has facilitated increases in the thermal efficiency of ambient pressure oxycombustion coal-fired power systems with carbon capture from 36 to 39–40 %LHV, while also considering capital costs. This corresponds to a decrease in the energy penalty 10 %-points to 6–7 %-points (absolute), relative to reference air-fired coal power plants without CO2 capture (46 %LHV). These efficiency improvements are primarily due to tailored next-generation air separation systems and plant-wide heat integration. Furthermore, oxycombustion power systems are an ideal candidate for numerical optimization, given the complex interactions between its five subsystems. This chapter extensively surveys the oxycombustion literature and summarizes four key design questions. A new, fully equation-based, flowsheet optimization framework is then introduced and applied to three oxycombustion-related case studies: design of a minimum energy air separation unit to produce an O2 enriched stream for the boiler, optimization of the CO2 polishing unit and compression train to minimize specific energy, and maximization of thermal efficiency in the oxy-fired steam cycle using a hybrid 1D/3D boiler model.

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Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing Switzerland 2016

Authors and Affiliations

  • Alexander W. Dowling
    • 1
  • John P. Eason
    • 1
  • Jinliang Ma
    • 2
  • David C. Miller
    • 3
  • Lorenz T. Biegler
    • 1
  1. 1.Carnegie Mellon UniversityPittsburghUSA
  2. 2.AECOM & National Energy Technology LaboratoryMorgantownUSA
  3. 3.National Energy Technology LaboratoryPittsburghUSA

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